What is Nifty Fifty?

The NIFTY 50 is the National Stock Exchange of India Ltd’s flagship index (NSE). The Index is based on the performance of a portfolio of blue chip businesses, which are India’s largest and most liquid equities. It is a real reflection of the Indian stock market since it includes 50 of the approximately 1600 businesses listed on the NSE, captures about 65 percent of its float-adjusted market capitalization, and comprises 50 of the approximately 1600 companies listed

The NIFTY 50 index represents the key sectors of the Indian economy and provides investment managers with exposure to the Indian market through a single, efficient portfolio. Since April 1996, the Index has been traded and is ideally suited for benchmarking, index funds, and index-based derivatives.

India Index Services and Products Ltd owns and manages the NIFTY 50. (IISL). IISL is India’s first specialised corporation whose principal product is an index.


1. The National Stock Exchange Fifty is abbreviated as Nifty 50. It’s also known as the S&P CNX NIFTY or the National 50.

2. The Nifty 50 was first introduced on April 22, 1996.

3. Index and Services and Products Ltd (IISL), a fully owned subsidiary of NSE India, manages the Nifty50.

4. The Nifty 50 is a collection of 50 of the biggest and most actively traded equities on the NSE.

5. The Nifty 50 is calculated using the 3rd November 1995 as the base period.

6. The Nifty 50’s base value is 1,000 points.

7. The basic capital of the Nifty 50 index is Rs 2.06 trillion.

8. Contracts for futures and options are actively traded.

How is the Nifty 50 determined?

Originally, the Nifty 50 was determined using the entire market capitalization. However, beginning June 26, 2009, the Nifty 50 has been computed using free-float market capitalization. This means that the equities owned by the promoters of these 50 firms are excluded from the Nifty 50 calculation. This is due to the fact that certain equities are not openly traded.

NIFTY 50 Calculation Formula


  1. Reliance Industries Ltd (10.66%) has the highest weightage in the Nifty 50 index.

Why there is a need for NIFTY 50?

Individual stock research may appear to be impracticable. Indices aid in the filling of information gaps among investors. The stock market index functions as a barometer, indicating the market’s overall state. They depict the whole market or a specific market segment’s trend. The benchmark indexes in India are the NSE Nifty and the BSE Sensex. They are said to reflect the overall success of the stock market. Similarly, an index made up of pharmaceutical stocks is thought to represent the average price of pharmaceutical company stocks. Investors use these derivatives as a guide when deciding which stocks to invest in.

Can an IPO be included in NIFTY 50?

An IPO can be eligible for inclusion in the index if it meets the index’s usual eligibility requirements, such as impact cost, market capitalization, and floating stock, for a three-month term rather than a six-month period.

Can a stock be removed from an index?

Yes, for the following situations:

  1. When a better candidate in the replacement pool is available to replace the index stock, the stock with the highest free float market capitalization replace the stock with lower free float market capitalization.
  2. Changes that are required, such as corporate actions, delisting, and so on. If any company gets delisted that was listed on NIFTY 50 then the stock on the 51st place gets included in NIFTY 50.

What is the Nifty 50 Index Composition in 2021?

The stocks that make up the Nifty 50 index are constantly changing. In reality, the Nifty 50 index has seen a discernible but steady change in composition. The financial services sector accounted for 19.70 percent of the index’s weight in 1995. In 2021, this grew to 37.23 percent. In 1995, information and technology (IT) firms were not included in the index. However, the IT sector now has the second highest weightage in the Nifty 50 index, at 17.41%. This shift in the Nifty 50 equities indicates India’s shift from manufacturing to service-based economy.

What is the best way to invest in the Nifty 50?

1. Purchase individual stocks: Investors can purchase individual stocks that are allocated in the same way as the Nifty 50 index. However, the availability of funds is a concern with this approach of investing in the Nifty 50. Investors will have to pay Rs 1.57 lakhs to acquire one share of the Nifty 50 index (as on 13th October 2021). Retail investors may not have as much money to invest. Furthermore, keeping track of and maintaining 50 stocks may be time-consuming.

2. Invest in futures and options contracts with the Nifty 50 as the underlying asset: Investors with a limited amount of capital can invest in futures and options contracts with the Nifty 50 as the underlying asset. However, not every investor is comfortable with the F&O industry. Furthermore, because these contracts must be settled on the last Thursday of each month, investors may be forced to incur large losses due to the significant leverage offered in the F&O industry.

3. Investing in Nifty ETFs: One of the greatest methods to invest in the Nifty 50 is to buy Nifty ETFs. Investors may acquire exposure to the Nifty 50 index for a fraction of the price using Nifty ETFs. As a result, you won’t need to spend Rs 1.57 lakhs to acquire one share of the Nifty 50 index. Nifty ETFs can provide the similar exposure. Nippon India ETF is a mutual fund that invests in India. In India, Nifty BeEs is one of the most popular Nifty ETFs. Nifty BeES are extremely liquid, making trading them a breeze.

4. Investing in Nifty Index Funds: This is the greatest approach for regular investors to participate in the Nifty 50 index. The goal of index mutual funds, which are passively managed, is to mirror or mimic a benchmark, in this case the Nifty 50. Investors may invest in index mutual funds with as little as Rs 500 per month through a systematic investing plan, thus funding is not a concern (SIP). Investors can also keep their index fund units for a long time because index mutual funds do not have a settlement date.

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